Tuesday 26th of March 2019

Yaowangcheng Site
  Release time: 2017-06-24

Yaowangcheng Site is located beside the Nanxinzhuangzi Village of Gaoxing Town in Lanshan District of Rizhao. It is one of the famous sites of Longshan Culture in Neolithic in China. It extends a total area of about 3.3 million square meters, with the cultural layer 2-3 meters thick and the thickest up to six meters. The relics are mainly about Longshan Culture and touch the cultures of Dawenkou, Yueshi, Shang, Zhou and Han Dynasties as well. The relics show transition from Dawenkou Culture to Longshan Culture. The Site is an early developed large-scale settlement, and also the “capital” of Longshan Kingdom of Yaowangcheng. Besides common characteristics of other Longshan cultural sites in Shandong, the Site also has its unique features: the potteries are mainly black potteries and gray potteries, with more polished black potteries and eggshell black potteries in particular; the common surface patterns presents styles or techniques like stacking, scratching, embossed (obscure), concave, convex, string, mud circles, and mud stripes etc.; the main types are jar, tripod boiler, tripod container, pot, Dou (high-handle plate), cups, Zun (a type of wine container), urn, basin, plate, hitching, and round projectile. The discovery of inscription on pottery and colored pottery is particularly worthy of attention. The adobe house, the laying stone and the evidence for the artificial cultivation of rice in Longshan Culture period were found here for the first time. The discovery of copper slag provides valuable material for studying the origins of the history of Chinese civilization. The discovery of the fragments of pottery inscription is of great significance to the research on the origin of characters. Yaowangcheng Site is the already-known large prehistoric site in Shandong with the largest area and the most complete chronological sequence. The Site was approved as Historical and Cultural Relics Protection Unit at provincial level by Revolutionary Committee of Shandong Province in 1977 and key Historical and Cultural Protection Site at national level by the State Council in 2006.