Tuesday 26th of March 2019

Liu Xie
--Famous Literary Critic
  Release time: 2017-06-25

Liu Xie (465A.D.- 521A.D.), Zi (courtesy name): Yanhe, is a famous literary critic in Chinese history. According to “Liu Xie’s Biography of the Book of Liang”, Liu lived in “Ju state of Dongguan”. After “Yongjia Rebellion” of Jin Dynasty (311 A.D.), the northern part of the country was occupied. Liu’s ancestors relocated southward to Jingkou (now Zhenjiang City of Jiangsu Province) with a large number of scholars. Liu, used to serve as county magistrate, infantry captain and in charge of imperial edict, earned his reputation by his literal works rather than official positions. His work The Literary Mind and Carving of the Dragon has won him an essential position in the history of Chinese literature and literary criticism.

The Literary Mind and Carving of the Dragon, in 10 volumes with 50 articles, is the first literary critic book that illustrates literary theory in a systematic way in the history of Chinese literary criticism. While fully absorbing the wisdom of his predecessors, Liu showcases courageous innovation and talents in literary theory. Parallel prose is used to express rich and complicated ideas and make thorough and subtle analysis in a flexible way. By making detailed and in-depth elaboration on various problems in the creation of literary work in an innovative way, the book develops and enriches criticism in Chinese literary theory. It is not only a masterpiece for ancient literary theory before the Southern Dynasties, but also the most outstanding, systematic and important literary critic work in the whole history of ancient literary theory.