Tuesday 26th of March 2019

Natural Environment
  Release time: 2017-06-22

Rizhao is located at the coast of the Yellow Sea in southeast part of Shandong Province, east latitude 118°25′-119°39′ and north latitude 35°04′-36°04′. Facing the Yellow Sea in the east, Rizhao neighbors Linyi City in the west, Lianyungang City of Jiangsu Province in the south, Qingdao and Weifang City in the north. With a length of about 82 kilometers from north to south and a width of about 90 kilometers from east to west, Rizhao covers a total land area of 5358.57 square kilometers.

Rizhao is a hilly city with three types of landforms, mountain area, hilly area and flatland, which accounts for 20.9%, 57.1% and 22% of the city’s total area respectively. Facing the sea and with hills as its background, the terrain of Rizhao is high in the center and low in the surrounding areas. The highest lies in Maer Mountain in Wulian County which is 706 meters above sea level; the lowest lies in Donghaiyu Village in Donggang District which is 1-1.5 meters above sea level.

Major rivers include Shu River, Futuan River, Wei River, Chaobai River and Xiuzhen River. Shu River, with a trunk stream of 83.29 kilometers, is the longest river in Rizhao. It comes from Yishui County of Linyi and runs through Ju County of Rizhao from north to south. Futuan River, with a trunk length of 60.72 kilometers, is the largest river flowing into the sea. Wei River, with a trunk stream of 47.5 kilometers, runs through Ju County and Wulian County and flows into Qiangkuang Reservoir in Wulian County. Chaobai River is as long as 41.83 kilometers. Xiuzhen River, with a trunk stream of 24.42 kilometers, is the boundary river between Shandong and Jiangsu Province.

Rizhao has no natural lakes. There are 569 reservoirs of different sizes with a capacity of 1.316 billion cubic meters. Large-scale reservoirs include Qingfengling Reservoir, Rizhao Reservoir and Xiaoshiyang Reservoir; medium-scale reservoirs include Hubuling Reservoir, Qiaoshan Reservoir and Maling Reservoir.

With vast area of shallow sea and bedrock sandy coast, Rizhao enjoys a total coastline of 168.5 kilometers. It boasts 22 islands of 0.42 square kilometers such as Taigong Island, Ping Island, Dashan Island, Cheniushan Island and Taohua Island.